Last edited by Zululrajas
Wednesday, November 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Environmental and natural resources in the Middle East and North Africa regions found in the catalog.

Environmental and natural resources in the Middle East and North Africa regions

Bjorn Larsen

Environmental and natural resources in the Middle East and North Africa regions

some selected issues

by Bjorn Larsen

  • 236 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Economic Research Forum for the Arab Countries, Iran and Turkey in Dokki, Cairo .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementBjorn Larsen
SeriesWorking paper series -- 9528
Classifications
LC ClassificationsMicrofiche 2012/52048 (H)
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination35 p.
Number of Pages35
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25348623M
LC Control Number2012349764

Water availability has for millennia shaped the culture of the people in the part of the world now commonly referred to as the Middle East and North Africa. This huge region extends from the Maghreb, comprising Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and sometimes Mauritania, into the Mashriq, comprising.


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Environmental and natural resources in the Middle East and North Africa regions by Bjorn Larsen Download PDF EPUB FB2

From Morocco to Iran and the Black Sea to the Red, Water on Sand rewrites the history of the Middle East and North Africa from the Little Ice Age to the Cold War era. As the first holistic environmental history of the region, it shows the intimate connections between peoples and environments and how these relationships shaped political, economic, and social history in startling and unforeseen ways.5/5(1).

MENA is one of the richest regions in the world in terms of natural resources: it holds more than 60 percent of the world?s proven oil reserves, mostly located in the Gulf region, and nearly half of gas reserves. Oil represents percent of merchandise exports in the region, making it highly depending on fluctuations in international prices.

This book series publishes monographs and edited volumes devoted to studies on the political, economic and social developments of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Volumes cover in-depth analyses of individual countries, regions, cases and comparative studies, and they include both a specific and a general focus on the latest advances of.

Partnerships will be needed between the countries of the Middle East and North Africa to share relevant experience, between donors and financial institutions to blend re­ sources, with NGOs to build public awareness, and with the industrial countries to share technology and increase trade and Size: 3MB.

“These outstanding essays create new pathways for applying Edward Said‘s foundational thesis of Orientalism to nature and environment in the Middle East and North Africa over three centuries to the present.

Summing Up: Highly recommended.” Choice. The landscapes of the Middle East have captured our imaginations throughout history. Natural resource abundance, growth, and diversification in the Middle East and North Africa: the effects of natural resources and the role of policies (English) Abstract This book is organized as follows: this first chapter examines the pattern of structural transformation in Middle East and North Africa, or MENA and summarizes the role of Cited by: The major resources of the Middle East are water, natural gas, and oil.

Water is important because of a lack of fresh water due to the lack of rain and surrounding bodies of salt water. Oil and Natural Gas are important resources because it bring the region much wealth and the region controls over half of the world’s oil supply.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries are among the world’s top emitters of CO 2 and SO 2 in per capita terms. The objective of this paper is to analyze whether investing in the democratic development of these countries is an effective tool to make the economic development in this region more environmentally by: 4.

Chatham House research on Middle East and North Africa focuses on the latest political, economic and security developments. Damaged buildings in old Aleppo’s Jdeideh neighbourhood on 9 December North Africa has vast oil and natural gas deposits, the Sahara holds the most strategic nuclear ore, and resources such as coltan, gold, and copper, among many others, are abundant on the continent.

World Geography Unit 2: North Africa and the Middle East. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. transition zone between the desert regions of North Africa into the grassy part of Southern Africa 1st agricultural revolution.

Assyria, Persia, Sparta, all these empires are in this region and thrived because of the natural environment. Geographical. In North Africa, rising temperatures associated with climate change are expected to decrease the land areas suitable for agriculture, shorten the length of growing seasons and reduce crop yields.

In these countries, we estimate that a 1°C rise in temperature in a given year reduces economic growth in that year by about %. School of Natural Resources & the Environment, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Water Resources Research Center Thank you for your interest in the Environmental Studies of the Middle East and North Africa position here at the University of Arizona.

Tucson has a wealth of resources to offer applicants, both in regards to Environmental. northern, eastern, western, central, and southern regions of Africa, the Sahara Desert, the Nile River, Lake Victoria, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the Cape of Good Hope.

A.2 Use a map key to locate the countries and major cities in Size: 2MB. or natural resources, regional climate variability, water scarcity and the steady loss of fertile land have been found to be important underlying factors. 95 A study on the causes of conflict in. It is precisely such orientalist environmental imaginaries, increasingly undermined by contemporary ecological data, that the eleven authors in this volume question.

This is the first volume to critically examine culturally constructed views of the environmental history of the Middle East and suggest that they have often benefitted elites at.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA 1) region plays a key role in the global energy system and hence is particularly sensitive to many of these factors. Sustained weakness in oil prices starting mid and continuing into has had a negative impact on the finances of MENA oil-exporting countries, requiring them to initiate or intensify Cited by: Middle East, North Africa, Caucasus, and Central Asia; Mongolia, Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, South Sudan Famines and increased migratory pressures that can result in country or regional destabilization Increasing dependence on foreign aid Increased diplomatic conflict over trans-boundary water resources Droughts in the US (,).

East Africa has emerged as a major hub for wildlife trafficking due to its rich biodiversity and relatively well-developed transportation infrastructure. Recognizing the importance of coordinating U.S.

government efforts and resources to address this critical issue, on July 1,President Obama signed an Executive Order on Combating. Start studying World Geography Middle East and North Africa Review. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

Water, food security and agricultural policy in the Middle East and North Africa region (English) Abstract. The Middle East and North Africa (MNA) region is one of the most water scarce regions in the world, with a regional annual average of 1, cubic meters per person (world average is Cited by: 8.

From Conflict to Peacebuilding: The role of natural resources and the environment Since at least eighteen violent conflicts have been fuelled by the exploitation of natural resources. In fact, recent research suggests that over the last sixty years at least forty per cent of all intrastate conflicts have a link to natural resources.

Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

Some of these regions cover large bands of the continent, such as the Sahara and Sahel, while others are isolated areas, such as the Ethiopian Highlands and the Great Lakes. With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries.

The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, although which resources are coveted and valued has changed over time. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area's.

Energy in the Middle East and North Africa Background The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has about 57% of the world’s proven oil reserves and 41% of proven natural gas resources. MENA is also endowed with unique solar resources. However, great gaps exist between countries rich in natural resources and countries.

Bc Determine how Africa’s physical geography and natural resources posed challenges and opportunities for trade and development Objectives: 1.

Describe the physical environment of West Africa and Senegal and the barrier separating it from North Africa. Define “sahel,” “savanna,” and “desertification.” 3. distribution, pollution, and use of natural resources in the area.

Students will explain how location, climate, TCSS 7th SS Middle East Geography Unit c. Explain the impact of desertification on the environment of Africa from the Sahel to the rainforest. The Middle East and North Africa region is well-known for its abundant natural resources and important geostrategic position.

This image is currently over-shadowed by sectarian violence and trans-boundary conflicts that threaten the stability of. 7th Grade - Unit 2- Southwest Asia (Middle East): Impact of Location and Environmental Issues Elaborated Unit Focus human interaction and the environment, and then examine the environmental issues In this unit students will gain an understanding of the physical landscape of Southwest Asia (Middle East).

Students. Middle East and North Africa. Whole Region: 99pi Afghanistan Africa ag environment agribusiness agriculture Algeria Antarctica aphg architecture Arctic Argentina Armenia art Australia Austria autonomy Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Bermuda Bhutan biogeography Bolivia book reviews borders Bosnia Boston Botswana Brazil.

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) already the most water stressed region in the world, faces a worsening crisis in terms of its access to water in the decades to come. A country is water stressed when it cannot provide the minimum water supply to satisfy the essential needs of.

Oil. That is what the modern Middle Eastern geopolitics have usually been about. Given the vast energy resources that form the backbone of western economies, influence and involvement in the Middle East has been of paramount importance for the former and current imperial and super powers, including France, Britain, USA and the former Soviet Union.

according to the available natural resources in the region. The map below shows the locations of these natural resources. Using your knowledge of the physical geography and resources of this region, indicate with symbols where you believe the following economic facilities should be located: major cities, manufacturing centers, agricultural regions.

Middle East and North Africa. Iraq faces an uphill battle in meeting its obligations to the historic production cut agreement reached by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC. From Morocco to Iran and the Black Sea to the Red, Water on Sand rewrites the history of the Middle East and North Africa from the Little Ice Age to the Cold War.

As the first holistic environmental history of the region over the last half millennium, it shows the. Hand out unlabeled maps of the Middle East and North Africa to each student.

(Maps can be found at National Geographic — there is a specific one for the Middle East Region, but a map of Africa. Middle East Institute Viewpoints: The Environment and the Middle East • 3 The mission of the Middle East Institute is to promote knowl-edge of the Middle East in America and strengthen understand-ing of the United States by the people and governments of the Size: 1MB.

The Middle East and North Africa region is particularly vulnerable to climate change because of its already scarce water resources, the high levels of aridity, and the long coastal stretch. Adaptation to the impacts of climate change must start from now to build up the resilience of the affected countries and communities within.

27 United Nations Development Programme, Environment & Natural Resources Group, The Urban Environment in Developing Countries (New York: United Nations, ), 28 D.

Satterthwaite, "The Impact on Health of Urban Environments," Environment and Urbanization 5, no 2 ():. Europe and Eurasia. Promoting good governance, improved education systems, and strong business and economic environments. Latin America and the Caribbean. Building local partnerships to protect natural resources and promote economic growth.

Middle East and North Africa. Promoting good governance, civic engagement, and enterprise competitiveness.Oil and the Economic Geography of the Middle East and North Africa: Studies by Alexander Melamid [C Max Kortepeter, C Max Kortepeter] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Oil and the Economic Geography of the Middle East and North Africa: Studies by Alexander Melamid4/4(1).

In the Middle East, the natural environment is best described as semiarid. In fact, more than 80 percent of the region is desert that receives less than 25 centimeters of rainfall a year. A few areas, such as the coastal zones of North Africa, Turkey, and the Eastern Mediterranean, receive adequate rainfall to support agriculture.